After the information about it, our guide underlines a very important issue. With the sensitivity of being a historian, he warns that “we need to see the understanding of architecture and the spirit world leading to that understanding”. Because he had seen both eastern and western cultures on site, he did not enter the complex, he studied and learned. He had a wide cultural background. In his works, minarets and domes were raised not randomly, but with the concern to add an aesthetic and beauty to the city.
Fountains and public fountains were designed to add beauty to the city as much as they meet the water needs. We see the traces of this in the Mihrimah Sultan Complex. Mihri and Mah, that is, the light of the moon and the sun never decreases from here. It has 206 windows. It has a dome that gives peace, half domes and domes that give relief. Apart from the mosque, which was restored in 11 years, the complex, which consists of structures such as a fountain, a fountain, and a burial ground, covers a very large area. Some of it, especially the bath, is now on the other side of the road, and it is not even noticed when you look at it from the closed burial glass.
From here, we are on the road again to follow the traces of his works. After walking for a while, we enter the Semiz Ali Pasha Madrasa, which is used as the Science and Human Foundation today. We get information about the complex, which has been used as a dispensary hospital for many years. Unlike other madrasahs built by Mimar Sinan, the madrasa was built independently of a complex. Madrasa cells were built as 15 rooms in total. The madrasah, whose old original
entrance was replaced, was opened with a new entrance facing Fevzi Paşa Street. Unfortunately, it has undergone many repairs to spoil its original state.
We entered the Messiah Pasha Mosque, a work of Mimar Sinan. The imam of the mosque, Mucib teacher, was cleaning, he was happy to see us. He excitedly introduced the mosque. May God be pleased with our teachers who have combined their work with their lives. The mosque, located to the left of the Hırka-i Şerif Mosque, was built by Mimar Sinan in 1585. The mihrab of the single-domed, single-minaret, three-door, tiled mosque is protruding. We were very sad when we were looking at the altar, the tiles on the right and left of it were stolen, it remains empty, grinning.
The land of the mosque, which was built for the benefit of Messiah Mehmet Pasha, one of the grand viziers of Murad III, was taken from Hasan Pasha, and his grave is located right in the courtyard of the mosque. When you exit the courtyard, its fountain and madrasah can be seen on the road. The road works have spoiled its beauty, even it has remained quite a bit below the road, creating a bad image. Don’t even think about the possibility of the fountain flowing!…
From here, we walked through the side streets of Fatih, struggling with the traffic, among the gazes of people who had seen foreign tourists. There is an area close to the point where Akdeniz Street connects to Vatan Street. There is a small park where people take a breather. There is a neglected, unpretentious masjid in an area that we can call right inside it. We hardly noticed, it just came out of restoration! Yes, this is Mimar Sinan Masjid. He did it for himself. No, it’s not a mosque, it’s a masjid…
In his work named Tezkiretülbünyan, he describes it as “This is the mosque of the poor”. Husband Sinan, who brought the golden age of Ottoman architecture to life, built the most magnificent dome of all times and left around 400 works, built a mosque for himself. Today, the mosque, which is in a pit, was built in two parts as summer and winter. The courtyard door is between the mosque and the minaret, and the summer section is L-shaped as the last congregation place. The harim windows are two-storied, and the minaret of the mosque looks elegant and unpretentious. There is no building other than the masjid, and the masjid is surrounded by shanty houses.
It has come to a state that it cannot be rinsed from the smell of dampness inside, and there is no treasure left. Our guide, who heard these complaints, was sad and a little embarrassed. He was able to say, “If Semavi Eyice had not been a teacher, he would have disappeared completely.” What kind of a nation are we that we cannot even protect or promote the mosque of an architect that is taken as an example by the world. However, this place should have a weight and value like a museum…
From here, we pass to Deli Hüsrev Pasha Tomb, another work of Mimar Sinan. He was called crazy and divane because he attacked Rüstem Pasha with a dagger at the council meeting. He died after the hunger strike because he thought he was being treated unfairly. The tomb of the pasha, who has this interesting life story and is the brother of the Cyprus Conqueror Lala Mustafa Pasha, is considered the most magnificent vizier’s tomb.